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国家为何大力发展BIM与绿色建筑?

fabushijian:2017-07-11 18:14

21世纪以来,为应对能源危机、人口增长等问题,绿色、低碳等可持续发展理念逐渐深入人心,而以有效提高建筑物资源利用效率,降低建筑对环境影响为目标的绿色建筑成为全世界的关注重点。


huanjingyouhaoxinglvsejianzhushishijiegeguojianzhufazhandezhanlvemubiao。shouxianyujingjifazhanshuiping,yijidiliweizhiherenjunziyuandengtiaojiandechayi,geguoduilvsejianzhudedingyibujinxiangtong。


黄瓜直播app免费版下载yingguohuangjiaceliangshixuehui:youxiaoliyongziyuan、jianshaowuranwupaifang、tigaoshineikongqijizhoubianhuanjingzhiliangdejianzhujiweilvsejianzhu。


meiguoguojiahuanjingbaohuju:lvsejianzhushizaiquanshengmingzhouqinei(congxuanzhidaosheji、jianshe、yunying、weihu、gaizaohechaichu)shizhongyihuanjingyouhaoheziyuanjieyueweiyuanzedejianzhu。


woguo《lvsejianzhupingjiabiaozhun》:zaiquanshengmingzhouqinei,zuidaxiandujieyueziyuan、baohuhuanjing、jianshaowuran,weirenmentigongjiankang、shiyonghegaoxiaodeshiyongkongjian,yuziranhexiegongshengdejianzhu。


从绿色建筑的定义可以看出:


(1)lvsejianzhutichangjiangjienenghuanbaodelinianguanchuanyujianzhudequanshengmingzhouqi;


黄瓜直播app免费版下载(2)lvsejianzhuzhuzhangzaitigongjiankang、shiyonghegaoxiaodeshiyongkongjiandeqiantitiaojianxiajieyuenengyuan、jiangdipaifang,zaijiaodidehuanjingfuhexiatigongjiaogaodehuanjingzhiliang;


(3)lvsejianzhuzaijishuyuxingshishangxutixianhuanjingbaohudexiangguantedian,jiheliliyongxinxihua、zidonghua、xinnengyuan、xincailiaodengxianjinjishu。


BIM与绿色建筑完美组合


bimweilvsejianzhudekechixufazhantigongfenxiyuguanli,zaituidonglvsejianzhufazhanyuchuangxinzhongqianlijuda。


时间维度的一致性


bimjishuzhiliyushixianquanshengmingzhouqineibutongjieduandejichengguanli;erlvsejianzhudekaifa、guanlihangaijianzao、shiyong、chaichu、weixiudengjianzhuquanshengmingzhouqi。shijianweiduduiyingweiliangzhedejiehetigonglebianli。


核心功能的互补性


lvsejianzhukechixumubiaodedachengxuyaoquanmianxitongdizhangwobutongcailiao、shebeidewanzhengxinxi,zaixiangmuquanshengmingzhouqineixietong、youhua,congerjieyuenengyuan,jiangdipaifang,bimjishuweiqitigonglezhengtijiejuefangan。


应用平台的开放性


黄瓜直播app免费版下载lvsejianzhuxujiezhubutongruanjianlaishixianjianzhuwudenenghao、caiguang、tongfengdengfenxi,bingyaoqiuyuqixiangguandeyingyongpingtaijubeikaifangxing。bimpingtaijubeikaifangxingdetedian,yunxudaoruxiangguanruanjianshujujinxingyixiliekeshihuacaozuo,weiqizailvsejianzhuzhongdeyingyongchuangzaoletiaojian。


绿色建筑为BIM提供了一个发挥其优势的舞台,BIM为绿色建筑提供了数据和技术上的支持。



节地与室外环境


heliliyongbimjishu,duijianzhuzhouweihuanjingjijianzhuwukongjianjinxingmonifenxi,dechuzuihelidechangdiguihua、jiaotongwuliuzuzhi、jianzhuwujidaxingshebeibujudengfangan。


黄瓜直播app免费版下载tongguorizhao、tongfeng、zaoshengdengfenxiyufangzhengongju,keyouxiaoyouhuayukongzhiguang、zaosheng、shuidengwuranyuan。


节能与能源利用


jiangzhuanyejianzhuxingnengfenxiruanjiandaorubimmoxing,jinxingnenghao、regongdengfenxi,genjufenxijieguodiaozhengshejicanshu,dadaojienengxiaoguo。


tongguobimmoxingyouhuashejijianzhudexingti、chaoxiang、louju、qiangchuangbideng,tigaonengyuanliyonglv,jianxiaonenghao。


节水与水资源利用


liyongxunishigong,zaishiwaimaidixiaguandaoshi,bimianpengzhuanghuochongtudaozhideguanwanglousun。


zaidongtaishujukuzhong,qingxilejiejianzhuriyongshuiliang,jishizhaochuyongshuisunshiyuanyin。


liyongbimmoxingtongjiyushuicaijishuju,quedingbutongdimaohecaizhiduijingliuxishudeyingxiang,chongfenliyongfeichuantongshuiyuan。


节材与材料资源利用


黄瓜直播app免费版下载zaimoxingzhongshurucailiaoxinxi,duicailiaocongzhizuo、chukudaoshiyongdequanguochengjinxingdongtaigenzong,bimianlangfei。


黄瓜直播app免费版下载liyongshujutongjijifenxigongneng,yugucailiaoyongliang,youhuacailiaofenpei。


黄瓜直播app免费版下载jiezhubimmoxingfenxibingkongzhicailiaodexingneng,shiqigengjiejinlvsemubiao。


黄瓜直播app免费版下载jinxingchongtuhepengzhuangjiance,bimianyinyudaochongtuerfangongzaochengcailiaolangfei。


室内环境质量


zaibimmoxingzhong,tongguogaibianmenchuangdeweizhi、daxiao、fangxiangdeng,jianceshineidekongqiliutongzhuangkuang,bingpanduanshifouduikongqizhiliangchanshengyingxiang。


黄瓜直播app免费版下载tongguozaoshenghecaiguangfenxi,panduanshineigeyinxiaoguoheguangxianshifoudadaoyaoqiu。


tongguodiaozhengloujianjuhuozhechaoxiang,gaishanshineidehuwaishiye。


施工管理


chongtujiance:bimianbubiyaodefangong,bingzaiyidingchengdushangkongzhishejiwenjiandebiangeng。


黄瓜直播app免费版下载monishigong:youhuashebei、cailiao、renyuandefenpeidengshigongxianchangdeguanli,jianshaoyinshigongliuchengbudangzaochengdesunshi。


jisuangongchengliang:tongguojiegougoujianhecailiaoxinxi,jikekuaisujisuangongchengliang,yekeduigoujianjinxingjingquejiagong。


黄瓜直播app免费版下载zaojiaguanli:zaibimjindumoxingdejichushangdaoruzaojiaruanjian,kekongzhichengbenheshigongjindu,tongchouanpaiziyuan。


运营管理


黄瓜直播app免费版下载bimmoxingzhenghelejianzhudesuoyouxinxi,bingzaixinxichuandishangjuyouyizhixing,manzuyunyingguanlijieduanduixinxidexuqiu。


tongguobimmoxingkexunsudingweijianzhuchuwentidebuwei,shixiankuaisuweixiu;zaici,liyongbimduijianzhuxiangguanshebeisheshideshiyongqingkuangjixingnengjinxingshishigenzonghejiance,zuodaoquanfangwei、wumangquguanli。


jiyubimjinxingnenghaofenxi,jilubingkongzhinenghao。


思考与建议


绿色改造项目


黄瓜直播app免费版下载yijianxiangmudelvsegaizaoshouguojiahuoquyujingjiqingkuangjixiangguanzhengceyingxiangjiaoxiao,juyougengdashichangqianli。jiangbimjishuyulvsejianzhudesixiangyongyuyunyingweihuleixiangmu,kekongzhixiangmunenghao,jieyuechengben,huodeshichangjingzhengyoushi。


选材应用


bimjishuyongyouwanbei、zhunquedeshujuku,jizailejianzhucailiaodeshuxingjinenghao。liyongbimxuanyongkexunhuancailiao,jikejieyuenengyuan、jianshaojianzhulaji,congzhangyuandejiaodukan,haikejiangdichengben。


软件本土化及界面友好性


BIM软件存在以下问题:


ruanjianduoweiguowaikaifa,buyidingshiyongyuwoguo;


jichengdubugao,nanyimanzuyixieteshuzhuanyedexuqiu;


caozuojiaofuza,jiemianyouhaoxingnanyidadaoxiangyingshuizhun,bufenyonghuqingxiangyushiyongxiangduijiandandefeibimbanlvseruanjian。


黄瓜直播app免费版下载yinci,yaoliyongbimtuidonglvsejianzhu,xujiaqiangruanjianbentuhua、jiaqiangkaifashiyongxingjikecaozuoxingqiangruanjianxiyinguangfanyonghu、bingweibutongruanjiandeshujuchuanshujianlibiaozhun,tigaoxiaolv。


来源:公路施工质量管控平台